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威斯尼斯人官网:人教版丨八年级英语下册unit 09知识点总结!

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本文摘要:unit 09 Have you ever been to a museum 考点(一)词语辨析Ⅰ. how组成的疑问短语辨析1. How long表现 “时间多久或物体多长”. 表现时间偏重指 “一段时间”.针对 “How long” 的回覆一般是时间段,如 “for three days”, “three years” “About two weeks” 2. How often表现 “几多时间一次或每隔多久”.是就做某事的频率提问。

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unit 09 Have you ever been to a museum 考点(一)词语辨析Ⅰ. how组成的疑问短语辨析1. How long表现 “时间多久或物体多长”. 表现时间偏重指 “一段时间”.针对 “How long” 的回覆一般是时间段,如 “for three days”, “three years” “About two weeks” 2. How often表现 “几多时间一次或每隔多久”.是就做某事的频率提问。针对How often的回覆一般是 “Twice a year”. “Three times a week”. 3. How soon表现 “多久之后”.偏重某人某事能多快时间完成. How soon的回覆一般为: “ in + 时间段” e.g. “ in two days” “in five years” 4.How far表现“多远” How far is it?5. how many主要用来提问可数名词的数量6. how much主要用来提问钱数或者提问不行数名词的数量。如:How much is the book? -It’s five yuan.How much mike do you want?—Only one bag.7. how old 用来提问年事。如: ---How old are you ? -- I ‘m twelve years old.【典型例题】1. — () apples do you want to buy?— Ten, please. And () are they?A. How much ; how much B. How many ; how manyC. How many ; how much D. How much ; how many【谜底】C【剖析】试题分析:句意:你想买几多苹果?十个。

它们多钱?How many +可数名词复数,提问数量; how much+不行数名词,提问数量;还可以提问价钱。联合句意,故选C考点:考察疑问词的用法。

2.—________is a boat ticket for children?—How old is your child? It’s free for kids under three years old.A. How long B. How much C. How often D. How soon【谜底】B【剖析】考点:疑问词辨析3. __________ is it from Wuxi to Sanya and how much does it __________ to fly there?A. How long; take B. How far; costC. How soon; spend D. How far; take【谜底】B【剖析】试题分析:句意:从无锡到三亚有多远?飞到哪要花费几多钱?凭据语境可知第一个空是提问距离故用How far提问;凭据牢固句型It takes to do表现花费时间去做某事。联合句意,故选B考点:考察疑问词组及动词辨析。Ⅱ.hundred ,thousand, million辨析hundred n 百 hundreds of 数以百的thousand n 千 thousands of成千上万的million n 百万 millions of成百万的(1)当million 前面有详细的数字时,用单数形式(2)当million 后与of 连用时用复数形式,millions of 是数百万的意思,前面不能加数词详细的不加s 也不加of,不详细的加s 也加of【典型例题】1.In our city, ________ college students want to work as a teacher in holidays.A.thousand B. thousands of C. thousand of D. two thousand of【谜底】B【剖析】考点:数词用法2. There are _______ books in our library. A. five hundreds B. hundred of C. hundreds of D.five hundred of【谜底】C【剖析】试题分析:句意:我们图书馆里有成千上百本书。

Hundred表现详细有几百时,用单数;表现虚指时,用复数加of,意为成千上百的。故选C。考点:考察数词。

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Ⅲ. 分数的表达分数的表达法1).结构:a).分子用基数词,分母用序数词.b).当分子大于1时,分母为序数词加s. ¾ = three fourths = three quarters 2).分数的几种特殊形式. 1/3—one third = a third 1/4—one fourth = a quarter 1/2—one second = a half 3/4—three fourths = three quarters3).分数词作主语时, 谓语动词凭据分数词后面的名词来确定.不行数名词 +动词单三形式分数 + of +可数名词 + 动词变复数形式【典型例题】1.of the teachers in our school women.A.Two thirds, are B.Two threes , isC.Two third, are D.Two thirds , is【谜底】A考点:考察分数的表现法。2.of our classmates are good at basketball.A.Three quarters B. Three fourth C.Third four D. Three four【谜底】A【剖析】试题分析:句意:我们班的四分之三学生都擅长打篮球。分析:考察分数的用法,简朴的说,分子用基数词,分母用序数词,若分子大于一,分母用复数形式。

例如:三分之一:one third,而四分之几时,用单词quarter表现。故选 A考点:考察分数的表现法。

Ⅳ.listento/hear辨析(1)listen/listen to 听,偏重听的“历程”(2)hear 听,偏重听的“效果”hear sb. do sth 听见某人做某事 I often hear him sing in the room.hear sb. doing sth 听见某人正在做某事 I hear him singing in the roomhear of/about 听说 hear from=receive a letter from sb. 收到某人的来信I’m sorry to hear that.听到这件事我很惆怅(指听到别人不幸的消息时的用语)【典型例题】1. ()me carefully, boys and girls. Can you () me?A.Listen to; hear from B. Hear; listen toC.Hear; hear D. Listen to; hear【谜底】D【剖析】试题分析:本题的寄义是认真的听,你们能听见吗?前半句强调行动用listen to,后半句强调效果用hear,故本题选D。考点:考察动词的用法。2.― I never _____ him after he went to the USA.―Maybe you should write to him first.A. hear about B. hear of C. hear from D. hear out【谜底】 C【剖析】考点:短语辨析Ⅴ.information/message/news辨析information指电视、电脑或其它杂志等获得的信息,为不行数名词; a piece of information 一条信息You can get much information on the Internetmessage“消息、口信、电报” 指书面、口头、无线电等传来的信息,为可数名词; I’ll leave a message for her. 我将为她留个口信。

news“新闻,消息”,指通过报纸、电台、电视等新闻前言报道的最新消息,为不行数名词。a piece of news 一则新闻Is there any good news today?【典型例题】1.—What ______ can you give me on learning English? —I think you could join an English club A advice B news C messages D information【谜底】A【剖析】试题分析:句意:----关于学英语,你能给我些什么建议?--我认为你应该加入英语俱乐部。A advice建议;B news新闻;C messages消息,信息;D information消息。

联合句意,故选A。考点:考察名词词义辨析。2.Just search the internet, you can get almost all the_____ you need. A. informations B. information C. picture D. story【谜底】B【剖析】试题分析:句意:只要上网搜索,你险些就能获得你想要的一切信息。information消息,信息,不行数;picture图画;D. story故事。

联合句意,故选A。考点:考察名词词义辨析。Ⅵ.have/has been to , have / has gone to ,have/ has been in 辨析:① have/ has been to + 地名( “曾经去过某地” , 现在已经回到原地。

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) He has been to England twice.他曾经去过英国两次。(现在已经不在英国了)Have you ever been to the Great Wall?你到过长城吗?(现在已经不在长城上) ②have /has gone to (“已经去某地了” ,说话时该人不在现场。) He has gone to England。

他已去英国了。(已经不在说话的地方,到达英国或者在去英国的路上)③have /has been in +所在 (待在某地,常与时间段搭配。)【典型例题】1. Mary, along with her parents ________Hainan for a week and they will come back soon.A. have been to B. has been inC. have been in D. has been to【谜底】B【剖析】考点:考察完成时态及动词应用2.—Do you know where the twins are? —Yes. They _______ Fuzhou.A. have gone to B. have been to C. have gone D. went to 【谜底】A【剖析】本题考察现在完成时,have/has been to 去过某地(已经回来了),have/has gone to去了(还没回来)强调不在说话所在,凭据题意故选A.考点:完成时态及动词应用Ⅶ. invent与discover辨析invent v 发现→inventor n 发现家→invention n 发现1.invent 发现 指事物从无到有(客观上没有)2.discover 发现 强调事物自己存在,只不外从“未知”到“已知”(客观上以前存在)【典型例题】1 After hard training for a long time, Liu Xiang ___the records again.A. broke B.achieved C. invented D. completed【谜底】A【剖析】考点:考察动词词义辨析。

2. At that time, the calculator was a great ______ / ɪnˈvenʃn /.A.invent B. invitation C.invention D. inventor【谜底】C【剖析】试题分析:句意:在那时,盘算机是一个伟大的发现。invent 是一个动词,意思是发现;invitation 是一个名词,意思是邀请;invention是一个名词,意思是发现;inventor发现者。凭据句意和音标可知,这里是说盘算机是一个伟大的发现,应该用名词。

故选C。考点:考察名词。考点(二)点动词与延续性动词点动词即该动词所表现的行动瞬间完成,不能延续很长时间也称非延续性动词。在现在完成动时当中点动词不能与段时间连用。

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若要表达同一寄义,可以有如下表达方式。1. 把点动词改为同义的延续性动词borrow----keep buy---have die--- be dead finish/end ---be over start/begin----be on come/go back----be back go/leave ---be away get to know----know become---be join----be a member of / be in …. come/arrive-----be here/ in put on—wear go to sleep--- be asleep catch a cold—have a cold marry---be marriedeg:( 误 ) I have bought the book for 2 weeks . ( 正 ) I have had the book for 2 weeks. ( 误 ) The dog has died for 5 days. ( 正)The dog has been dead for 5 days.2. It is / has been + 段时间 since + sentence ( 一般已往时)Eg: ( 误 ) He has joined the League for three years. ( 正 )He has been in the League for three years. ( 正 ) He has been a member of the League for three years( 正) It is three years since he joined the League. 他入团已三年了【典型例题】好1.--- What a beautiful car! When ________ you ________ it? --- I________ it for two years.A.did;buy;bought B.did; buy; have hadC.have;bought;havebought D. have; bought; have had【谜底】B【剖析】考点:考察动词时态。2. —Where is Mr. Wu? I haven’t seen him for several days.—He_____ America and he _____ from his home since last week.A.has been in; has left B. has gone to;has leftC. has gone to; has been away D. have been in;has been away【谜底】C【剖析】试题分析:句意:--吴先生在哪?我已经有七天没有瞥见他了。

--他已经去美国了,自从上个星期,他就已经脱离家了。分析:考察现在完成时,表现提到的人不在说话所在,用have gone to 去了某地。

(have been in 待在某地);同时since last week是段时间,脱离要用延续动词,因此将leave转换为have been away.故选 C考点:考察现在完成时的用法。3. —Do you know the young woman in a red dress?—Sure.We () friends since ten years ago.A.were B. have become C. have been D. have made【谜底】C【剖析】考点:考察时态的用法.考点(三)重点短语1.at night 在夜晚2.in a more natural environment 在一个越发自然的情况中3.all year round 一年到头;终年4.be far from 离……远5.in the d ark 在黑黑暗6.in the past 在已往7.have been to sp. 去过某地8.go somewhere different 去差别的地方9.take the subway 坐地铁= by subway10.learn about sth. 相识有关……的情况11.on the weekend 在周末11.camp in the mountains 在大山里露营12.put up a tent 搭帐篷13.in such a rapid way 以如此迅猛的方式14.different kinds of 种种各样的15.a nice place to enjoy tea 一个品茶的好地方16.thousands of 数以千计的17.three quarters 四分之三18. have trouble doing sth在做某事时有贫苦【典型例题】1. ----Have you watched the CCTV news on TV?----Yes,_______ children had a good festival on the ________ Children’s Day.A. millions of, sixty B. ten million, sixtyC.millions of, sixtieth D. ten millions, sixtieth【谜底】C【剖析】 2. It takes me five minutes ____ home by bike. A. to go B. going C. went D.goes【谜底】A【剖析】试题分析:句意:骑自行车回家花了我五分钟的时间。牢固句型it takes sb sth todo花费某人多长时间去做某事。故选A。

考点:考察牢固句型。


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